The software passed its beta test. It's going to be a beautiful day.When in doubt, try replacing "it's" with "it is." If the sentence doesn't make sense, you should use "its" instead.
You did well on your performance evaluation. You're an excellent employee.
The book is over there. OpenView is their best-selling product. They're going to the movies tomorrow."There" is also used in sentences like "There are three books on the table."
Our friends will come over then. Our product is better than theirs is.In the first example, "then" describes when our friends will come over. In the second example, our product is being compared to theirs.
Correct restrictive use: The store honored the complaints that were less than 60 days old.
Correct nonrestrictive use: The store honored the complaints, which were less than 60 days old.
These sentences have different meanings as well as different punctuation. In the restrictive sentence, the store honored only those complaints less than 60 days old, but not those over 60 days old. In the nonrestrictive sentence, the store honored all the complaints, all of which were less than 60 days old.
When writing a restrictive clause, do not place a comma before "that." When writing a nonrestrictive clause, do place a comma before "which."
(This discussion was adapted from the Law Student's Guide to Good Writing, copyright © 1994 by Marc A. Grinker.)
"Lie" is a verb that does not take an object (an intransitive verb). When it means "to put oneself in a reclining position," it has these forms:
(When "lie" means "to tell an untruth," its forms are "lie," "lied," and "have lied.")
"Lay" is a verb that takes an object (a transitive verb):
In this example, "wallet" is the object of the verb "to lay."
He wants to lose weight. His pants are not loose enough.
The reorganization will not affect our project. It may have an effect on morale.Occasionally "effect" is used as a verb meaning "to bring about, accomplish," as in "The new management staff will effect change in the organization," but this is uncommon and probably best avoided.
Their culture is different from our culture.
Regardless of the consequences, we will take a long lunch.
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